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The Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (GRA) was launched in December 2009 and now has 47 member countries from all regions of the world. The New Zealand Government initiated the global initiative to increase research collaboration between countries to find ways of reducing GHG emissions from agriculture without jeopardising global food security.The GRA provides a framework to bring together research and investment into mitigation practices and technologies from around the world. It covers paddy rice, cropping and livestock industries, and across these industries looks at integrated systems including soil carbon, nitrogen cycling, and inventory and measurement.
The GRA has a dedicated research group for livestock focused on reducing the emissions intensity of livestock production systems and increasing the quantity of carbon stored in soils supporting those systems.
The New Zealand Government has committed research funds to support the Livestock Research Group to accelerate global research in mitigating GHG emissions from pastoral livestock. All work funded via this fund has a strong New Zealand relevance but will aid and draw on international work on understanding GHGs and provide science and policy links around the world.
Additionally, New Zealand holds the secretariat position for the GRA and provides key inputs into scientific and capability building activities.
Financially, New Zealand has allocated a total of $65 million to the GRA, and other alliance member countries provide additional, significant cash or in-kind funding to shared activities. The most recent financial boost to the GRA came at the Paris COP21 climate forum in 2015, where New Zealand announced that it would provide a further $20 million in support of the GRA in addition to the original allocation of $45 million. These investments by New Zealand are in addition to its domestic research programmes and funds outlined in this section.
Wherever possible, the GRA seeks to align with other international funders and institutions.
|Funder||MPI (NZ GRA fund)|
|How funds are distributed||Negotiated & competitive|
|How funding decisions are made||External Technical Advisory Panel recommends to DG & MPI officials recommend to DG|
|How priorities are set||
This is direct research funding + provision of funding for other international funds/initiatives and secretariat support
|Key linkages between funding streams||